The capital of Bangladesh,
Dhaka, has an exciting history and rich culture. Known the world over as the
city of masques and muslin, it has attracted travellers from tar and near in all
ages. It has a history dating back to the earliest time. According to recorded
history it was founded in 1608 A.D. as the seat of the imperial Mughal Viceroy
of Bengal. Dhaka as the capital of Bangladesh has grown into a bustling city of
about 7 million people with an area of about 816 sq km.
Having a happy blend of
the old and new architectural trends, Dhaka has been developing fast as a modern
city and is throbbing with activities in all spheres of life. It is the centre
of many industrial, commercial, cultural, educational and political activities
Dhaka's major waterfront
Sadarghat is on the hank of the river Buriganga and is crowded with all kinds of
river craft-yachts, country boats, motor launches, paddle-steamers, fishermen's
boats-all bustling with activity. Colourful rickshaws (tricycle) on the city
streets are a common sight. Some of the outstanding tourist attractions of Dhaka
: 7-domed Mosque (seventeenth century), Baitul Mukarram National Mosque,
Star Mosque (eighteenth century) etc.
Temples : Dhakeshwari Temple (eleventh century), Ramkrishna Mission etc.
Churches : Armenian Church
(1781), St Mary~s Cathedral all Ramna, Church of Bangladesh or the former St
Thomas Cathedral Church (1819), The Holy Rosary Church at Tejgaon.
Fort : It was built in 1678 A.D. by Prince Mohammed Azam, son of the
Mughal emperor Aurangazeb. The fort was the scene of bloody battle during the
first War of Independence (1857) when 260 sepoys stationed there backed by the
people revolted against British forces. Outstanding among the monuments of the
Lalbagh Fort are the Tomb of Pari Bibi (Fairy lady), Lalbagh Mosque, audience
hall and the Hammam of Nawab Shaista Khan, now housing a museum.
Memorial (Bahadur Shah Park) : Built to commemorate the martrys of the
first liberation war (1857-59) against British rule. It was here that the
revolting sepoys and their civil compatriots were publicly hanged.
Manjil Museum : On the bank of the river Buriganga in Dhaka the majestic
pink Ahsan Manjil has been renovated and turned into a museum recently. It is an
epitome of the nation's rich cultural heritage. It was the home of the Nawab of
Dhaka and a silent spectator to many events.
Today's renovated Ahsan
Manjil is a monument of immense historical beauty. It has 31 rooms with a huge
dome atop which can be seen from miles around. It now has 23 galleries
displaying portraits, furniture and household articles and utensils used by the
Hall : A beautiful architectural building named after Lord Curzon, a
British Viceroy. It now houses the Science Faculty of Dhaka University.
High Court Building : Originally built as the residence of the British
Governor. It illustrates a happy blend of European and Mughal architecture.
Dhaka Zoo : Popularly known as Mirpur Zoo. Colourful and attractive local and
foreign species of animals and birds including the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger
are available here.
Museum : Centrally located, the museum contains a large number of
interesting collections including sculptures and paintings of the Hindu,
Buddhist and Muslim periods.
Garden : Built on an area of 205 acres of land at Mirpur and adjacent to
the Dhaka Zoo. One can have a look at the Zoo and the botanical garden on one
trip. National Park : Situated at Rajendrapur, 40 miles north of Dhaka City.
This is a vast (1,600 acres) national recreational forest with facilities for
picnic, rowing etc. Central Shaheed Minar : Symbol of Bangladeshi nationalism.
This monument was built to commemorate the martyrs of the historic Language
Movement of 1952. Hundreds and thousands of people with wreaths and bouquets
gather on 21 February every year to pay respect in a solemn atmosphere.
Celebrations begin at midnight. Buddhist Monastery : Kamlapur Buddhist
Poet's Graveyard : National Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam died on August 26,
1978 and was buried here. The graveyard is adjacent to the Dhaka University.
Suhrawardy Uddyan (Garden) : Popular Park. The place is famous for its lush
green and gentle breeze.
of National Leaders : Located at the south western corner of Suhrawardy
Uddyan, it is the resting place of 3 national leaders, Sher-e-Bangla A K Fazlul
Haque, Hossain Shahid Suhrawardy and Khwaja Nazimuddin.
Bhaban : The official residence of the President located in the city. One
can have an outside view.
Garden : It has a rare collection of botanical plants and flowers.
Green : A vast stretch of green garden surrounded by a serpentine lake
near Sheraton Hotel in city centre.
Assembly : Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban (Parliament House) at Sher-e-Bangla
Nagar, designed by the famous architect Louis I. Kahn, has distinctive
architectural features. It may be called an architectural wonder of this region.
Museum : Located at Agargaon, the museum is a modern learning centre
related to the latest scientific discoveries.
Memorial : Located at Savar, 35 km from Dhaka city. The memorial
dedicated to the sacred memory of the unknown martyrs of the 1971 War of
: About 29 km from Dhaka, Sonargaon is one of the oldest capitals of
Bengal. A Folk Art and Crafts Museum has been established here.
Other attractions in and
around Dhaka included the Institute of Arts and Crafts for its representative
collection of folk art and paintings, handicraft shops, the Aparajeyo Bangla
monument, picnic spots at Chandra and Salna, the industrial estates of Tongi,
Narayanganj, Demra and Tejgaon, cruising by country boat in the nearby river or
visit to a village to see jute cultivation, weaving and pottery making. Last but
not least, travel by a horse driven cart or rickshaw along busy Dhaka streets
could be a rewarding experience.
tours : Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation (National Tourism Organization)
offers conducted sight-seeing tours from its Tourist Information Centre (TIC) at
Dhaka Sheraton Hotel (Phone : 509479). Special sight-seeing tours for the
transit passengers are also run by the Tourist Information Centre at Dhaka
: Day-long attractive river-cruising is organized in Dhaka by the
Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation (BPC) during the tourist season. For booking one
may contact Tourist Information Centres in Dhaka or the Manager (Tours), BPC
Head Office, Dhaka.
All you need to know to travel Bangladesh:
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